SPECIFICITY OF MODERN PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES OF FAMILY PHYSICIANS IN THE USA
The work is focused on the specificity of modern professional activities of family physicians in the United States. There has been analyzed the concept of “social portrait of a family physician” as a number of social qualities of a medical specialist which are necessary for carrying out professional duties such as: solving a wide range of medical issues; comprehensive patient care; longterm relationships with the patient; prevention of diseases. Five components of professional competence of medical specialists have been determined, they are as following: cognitive, presenting medical knowledge of a physician; reflexive, which includes the ability to learn, take independent professional solutions, etc.; ethical, including the rules of conduct of family doctors; social, indicating the skills and abilities of a physician to take into consideration problems of different patients; communicative, covering the skills to communicate both with various medical specialists and with patients. The principles of medical ethics in the United States have been described. The basic competencies have been highlighted as the main components which used to evaluate the professionalism of doctors and necessary to confirm the license for professional activities. The paper presents key components that directly affect the scientific-practical and professional activity of the family physicians of the USA. The necessity of studying positive experience of socially oriented family medicine in the USA within reforming the system of medical education in Ukraine has been substantiated.
2. Korolev N. N. Sotsyal’nyy portret molodoho spetsyalysta sfery zdravookhraneniya, rehyonal’nyy analiz / N. N. Korolev, D. O. Ermolaev // Fundamental’nye issledovaniya. — 2011. — No 9. — S. 260—263.
3. Kratkiy slovar’ kohnytyvny’kh termynov [Elektronnyy resurs] / sost. E. S. Kubryakova, V. Z .Dem’yankov, Yu. H. Pankrats, L. H. Luzyna ; pod obshchey redaktsiey E. S. Kubryakovoy. — M. : Filol. f-t MHU im. M. V. Lomonosova, 1997. — 245 s. — Rezhym dostupu: http:// vocabulary.ru/dictionary/849/word/kognitivnaja-dejatelnost
4. Kuzevanova A. L. Semeynyy vrach v sovremennoy Rossii: opyt sotsial’noho portreta : diss. … kand. sots. nauk : 14.00.52 / A. L. Kuzevanova. — Volhohrad, 2004. — 180 s.
5. Mruha M. R. Strukturno-funktsional’na model’ profesiinoyi kompetentnosti maibutn’oho likaria yak osnova diahnostuvannia yoho fakhovykh yakostei : dys. … kand. ped. nauk : 13.00.04 / M. R. Mruha. — K., 2007. — 250 s.
6. Reshetnikov A. V. Evoliutsiya i problemy suchasnoii medytsyny / A. V. Reshetnikov // Ekonomika okhorony zdorov”ia. — 2000. — No 5. — S. 64—66.
7. Rubynshtein S. L. Osnovy obshchei psykholohii / S. L. Rubinshtein. — SPb. : Piter, 2000. — 720 s.
8. Filosofs’kyi entsyklopedychnyi slovnyk / za red. M. T. Maksymenko [ta in.]. — K. : Abrys, 2002. — 742 s.
9. American Board of Family Medicine [Elektronnyi resurs]. — Reshym dostupu: https://www.theabfm.org/caq/index.aspx/
10. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) [Elektronnyi resurs]. — Reshym dostupu: http:// www.aafp.org/online/en/home. htm
11. Association of American Medical Colleges [Elektronnyi resurs]. — Reshym dostupu: https://www.aamc.org
12. American Medical Association. Code of Medical Ethics: Current Opinions with Annotations, 2012—2013. — 568 p.
13. Beth B. Murinson, Aakash K. Agarwal, Jennifer A. Haythornthwaite, J. Pain. Cognitive Expertise, Emotional Development and Reflective Capacity: Clinical Skills for Improved Pain Care [Elektronnyi resurs]. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2009 November 1. 9 (11): 975— 983. — Reshym dostupu: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/?term =cognitive+expertise+evaluation
14. Eugene P. Link. The Social Ideas of American Physicians (1776— 1976): Studies of the Humanitarian Tradition in Medicine 1776—1976: Studies of the Humanitarian Tradition in Medicine Susquehanna. University Press, 1992. — 317 р.
15. Karen Mann, Jill Gordon, Anna MacLeod. Reflection and reflective practice in health professions education: a systematic review / Advances in Health Sciences Education. — October 2009, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp. 595—621.
16. Kerry J. Breen, Stephen M. Cordner, Colin J. H. Thomson, Vernon D. Plueckhahn. Good Medical Practice: Professionalism, Ethics and Law. Cambridge University Press, 2010. — 424 p.
17. Patrick S. Duggan, Gail Geller, Lisa A. Cooper, Mary Catherine Beach. The moral nature of patient-centeredness: Is it “just the right thing to do”? // Patient Education and Counseling. Volume 62, Issue 2, August 2006, pp. 271—276.
18. Report I-: learning objectives for medical student education. Guidelines for medical schools. Medical School Objective Project. AAMC [Elektronnyi resurs] / Association of American Medical Colleges. — Washington, DC. — 1998. — Reshym dostupu: www.aamc.org/MSOP/msop1.pdf
19. The American Medical Association (AMA). House of Delegates. Principles of medical ethics. revised June 2001 [Elektronnyi resurs]. — Reshym dostupu: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/ pub/physician-resources/medical-ethics/code-medical-ethics/ principles-medical-ethics.page
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.