Formation of Professional Competences of Future Bachelors of Vocational Education in the Process of Dual Training
The creation of logistics infrastructure is closely related to the problem of competence-oriented training of future logisticians. This process is implemented in accordance with the theory of contextual teaching. The methodological basis for preparing bachelors for competitive professional activity is the integration of education with science, professional activity and business. The purpose of the article is the investigation the professional competences of future bachelors in vocational education in the process of their dual training. Research methods: theoretical analysis of scientific sources, normative documents, conceptual principles of logistics; systematization, modelling, observation and testing. Results. The article examines such problem situation: the representatives of higher schools and industrial enterprises agree that the list of professional competences should be formed for the graduates of educational institutions, but there are some professional difficulties in «post-graduate» activities of young professionals. Managing the educational process, the research and teaching staff guide students to achieve the goals formulated in educational programs and obtain appropriate results, which are specific competences. The basic employers’ requirements to the specific knowledge and skills of applicants for the position of logistician are established. The authors have shared the experience of cooperation between the Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University and the private enterprise «Scientific and Production Association «Energy Saving Technologies»«. On the example of «Energy Saving Technologies» the technological process of heat generation, which has several variable components (cyclic loading of fuel into the storage hopper, calorific value of fuel, its humidity and particle size distribution), is established; it is determined that for timely fuel supply it is necessary to take into account the internal logistics infrastructure of the enterprise. In the process of training specialists in specialty 015.38 Vocational Education (Transport) according to the educational program «Logistics» students study the discipline «Organization of Transportation», do practical work and develop the three-dimensional graphic dependence, which will contribute to the formation of professional competences. It is also determined that the development of professional competences of future bachelors of vocational education is the unity of their theoretical and practical training. Conclusions. The authors concluded that the theoretical and practical classes with the use of active teaching methods for progressive and optimal students' understanding of the main provisions on the organization of freight transportation, which plays a large role in the development of professional competences of future teachers of vocational training, organizers of transportation services. The use of active learning methods in the educational process arouses the interest of students and allows them to develop analytical, research, communicative, professional skills and abilities.
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