Health and Development Aspect of Performance Training of Future Teachers-Musicians
The ways of optimizing the professional training of future music teachers are explored in the article. The purpose of the article is to actualize the direction of musical performance of future teachers-musicians in the direction of health and development. The research methods used were the methods of theoretical and critical analysis, synthesis, abstraction, concretization, etc. Results. The authors of the article states that it is generally known that the traditional performing training of music teachers consists of intellectual-cognitive, creative-interpretive and operational-performing components. In the conditions of the post-war period, the musical and recreational component of the performance training of future teachers-musicians acquires special relevance. The health component is formed thanks to the improvised (spontaneous) musical performance activity and the strong-willed mood of the performer. The authors has defined that the methodical techniques of instrumental improvisation are: spontaneous music-making on elementary musical instruments, rhythmic accompaniment of well-known musical compositions, improvised musical accompaniment of fairy tales, performances, creation of images of nature (noise of rain, forest, gurgling stream, etc.). The methodical exercises of vocal improvisation include vocal questions and answers, musical conversation, dialogue, exercises for completing a certain melodic phrase or a well-known melody, songs, chants, etc. The skill of rhythmic improvisation is formed with the help of various methods and techniques of «playing on the body» – body percussion. The development of volitional self-regulation during performing activities is achieved by playing or singing in front of an imaginary audience, in an ensemble. It is also achieved by increasing the experience of concert performances on various stage venues, psychological attitude to success, putting up an imaginary «wall»; between the performer and the listeners, verbal and figurative suggestions, breathing exercises, etc. Conclusions. The health-developmental direction of performance activity of future teachers-musicians is an effective means of optimizing music-pedagogical education in Ukraine according to the requirements of the times. Its task includes the construction of musical and educational activities of future teachers-musicians of institutions of general secondary education in combination with the process of preserving and preventing the health of children's personalities. Spontaneous music making and improvisation are an extremely effective means of directing musical and performing activities in the health-developmental direction. The process of formation of voluntary self-regulation of the performer (teacher-musician) requires special attention in the health-developmental approach to performance training. The issue of optimizing the educational process of future music teachers in accordance with the requirements of the time is complex and multifaceted; therefore the conducted research does not exhaust all aspects of the investigated problem.
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