Formation of the future teachers-philologists’ aesthetic culture by means of the artistic word (based on the material of the novel «Volyn» by U. Samchuk)
The article deals with the current problem of the formation of the future Ukrainian language and literature teachers’ aesthetic culture based on the novel «Volyn» by Ulas Samchuk. An analysis of the scientific and methodological, psychological and pedagogical literature aimed at revealing the writer’s moral and ethical worldview, who reflected the aesthetic culture by means of artistic words, was carried out. The system-structural analysis and systematization of the work of fiction materials were used to develop the reader’s aesthetic feelings as an organic combination of the observation results over the work characters’ life and behaviour. The research includes the future teachers-philologists’ work on the characterization of the novel’s main characters, who love the land, work on it, and have it as a nursing mother; an attention is drawn to the descriptions of nature, land, sky, countrymen everyday life, love for parents, native land, which are valuable for the reader’s aesthetic development and the basis for aesthetic culture formation. The research demonstrates the work on the main characters portraiture characteristics, in particular of Matvii Dovbenko, who is a hardworking, honest, caring master; Nastia, who is the Matvii’s wife, helping her husband in the running of the household; Volodka, who is a descendant of a Ukrainian farmer, knew the husbandry, helped his parents on the field and at home, observed a nature, successfully learned the world, but refused to «be a lout» and went his own way. The article reveals the work of future teachers-philologists on the descriptions of the Ukrainian nature, which are specific for a spring, summer, autumn, winter, for a morning, afternoon, evening, night, which by its beauty arouses a feeling of love for everything else, a feeling of patriotism and influences the formation of aesthetic culture. The author of the article draws attention to the personification of the native land that was the meaning of the farmer’s life, «the cosmos mystical power». In the author’s belief, the thorough characterization of the characters, rural work, together with portraits and landscapes, as a result, influences the formation of the future teachers’ aesthetic culture.
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Kuzmenko, V.I. (Ed.) (2013). Istoriia ukrainskoi literatury: XX – pochatku XXI st. [History of Ukrainian Literature: XX – beginning of XXI century]. Kyiv: Akademvydav [in Ukraine].
Samchuk, U.О. (1993). Volyn [Volyn]. Kyiv: Dnipro [in Ukraine].
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