Methodological Basis of the Ornamental Study in the Process of Professional Training of Art Teachers
The article reveals the content and significance of decorative and applied arts in the system of art-pedagogical education, reveals the methodical aspects of studying the ornament, as a means of forming the professional skill of future fine arts teachers.
The decorative-applied art is characterized in the article by the unity of the artistic structure, the presence of various activities and acts as an effective means of aesthetic education of the students’ personalities, the formation of their artistic taste. The author of the article defines that involving students in various types of artistic and applied arts, based on a folk art, is one of the main conditions for a full-fledged aesthetic education and the development of their artistic and creative abilities.
It is also noted in the study that one of the main «tools» for creating an image of decorative arts is an ornament. The article shows the urgency and necessity of improving the technique of studying the ornament in the process of professional training of students of the artistic profile. The ornament is considered by the researcher as a means of the development of students’ professional skills, spatial thinking, formation of author’s style and creative personality.
The author of the article believes that, studying the symbolic content of the ornaments, students become acquainted with their simplest archaic motifs, those are: a line, a circle, a cross, a rhombus, a square, a point, that is essential for forming an understanding of the integrity of an artistic work, aims to form a sense of the compositional laws of shaping and decorating and develop on this basis their artistic and creative abilities. Moreover, the researcher notes that the sense of rhythm, the harmony of color, the balance of form and color, which students receive during the study of ornament, allow them to creatively realize themselves in various types of paintings and decorative compositions, raise the level of artistic and creative abilities in general.
The author of the article gives the conclusion that an assimilation of techniques of the image of the ornament in various techniques, studying the types of ornamental art, laws and rules of ornamentation contribute to raising the level of artistic and creative abilities of students provided the introduction of modern scientifically sound teaching methods.
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