Formation of the Future Teacher’s Professional Competence: European Experience

Keywords: professional competence, formation, future teacher, educational process, European countries.

Abstract

The article clarifies the essence of the concepts of «сompetence» and «professional competence», determines the components of teacher’s professional competence: motivational (interest and motivation for future professional activity), cognitive (formed knowledge), operational (acquired skills and abilities) and personal-reflexive (ability to self-esteem, self-development and self- improvement). The author, on the basis of comparative analysis, shows the experience of forming the future teacher’s professional competence in leading countries such as: Germany, Denmark, Great Britain, France and others. The article outlines the peculiarities of the formation of the future teacher’s professional competence in determined countries. The interesting aspect in the formation of the future teacher’s professional competence in Germany is its information component, whose high level of evaluation is facilitated by the introduction of modern multimedia technologies in the educational process. The peculiarity of the Danish system of the future teachers’ professional competence formation is the availability of an additional vocational guidance level. So while forming the professional competence of a future teacher in the UK, considerable attention is paid to student’s research activities built on the humanization and democratization of the educational process in this country. The specificity of the future teachers’ professional competence formation in universities of France is that its most important component is the information and communication component. On the basis of the conducted analysis, the positive experience of the future teachers’ professional competence formation abroad is generalized; the recommendations on its introduction into the system of professional training in higher education institutions of Ukraine are worked out. The conclusion is made that the formation of the future teacher’s professional competence abroad will contribute to: the introduction of professional selection of applicants for teaching professions; exploiting the potential of non-formal education; an increase in the duration of teaching practice and the introduction of a mentoring system; inclusion of academic disciplines, that provide inclusive education, into the educational process; providing benefits to active teaching methods based on an interdisciplinary and problem-based approach; creating conditions for the exchange of experience of higher educational institutions with foreign educational institutions.

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Author Biography


Iryna Prokopenko, H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Doctor of Philosophy in Pedagogy (Ph.D), Associate Professor, Head of the Scientific and Methodical
Training Center of Social and Professional Human Development
H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
2, Valentynivska Str., Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61000 E-mail: training.center.hnpu@gmail.com
ORCID: 00000-0001-6554-4461

Published
2018-12-21
How to Cite
Prokopenko, I. (2018). Formation of the Future Teacher’s Professional Competence: European Experience. Professional Education: Methodology, Theory and Technologies, (8), 197-213. https://doi.org/10.31470/2415-3729-2018-8-197-213