Verbal Methods of Personality Upbringing in Folk Pedagogy

Keywords: verbal methods of upbringing, folk pedagogy, folklore, lullabies, fairy tales, poetry caressing, funny, child’s physical and moral development.


A thorough analysis of verbal methods of personality upbringing in folk pedagogy (lullabies, tales, fairy tales, poetry, caricature, and funny) has been carried out and their importance in the formation of the personality’s moral and physical qualities from the early childhood has been proved. It was established that various genres of folklore influenced the emotional and sensual sphere of a personality by their imagery, and contributed to forming its beliefs. It has been proved that folklore performed adaptive, ideological, orientational and regulatory functions in relation to younger generations. It was discovered that the first folklore works which mother introduced a child were lullabies, where the inner world of the mother was revealed, her feelings, hopes and dreams were expressed, so as an anxiety about the future fate of her child, its health etc. The author notes that a talk (the mother made her wishes for the healthy physical development of her child, and its beautiful life) is considered as one of the most ancient forms of oral folk art. The influence of amusements on the process of preserving and strengthening the health of children, acting as a means of activating their motor activity were proved. It was established that a great role in shaping the ideal of human bodily perfection was played by fairy tales whose characters, as bearers of various human positive and negative qualities, as well as the content and morals of fairy tales, were formed in one case ‒ a negative attitude to inadequate to the national ideal characteristics of the person’s physical development, and in the other ‒ a positive one. It was also noted that fairy tales formed an important part of folk pedagogical culture; the first mention of them belongs to the period of Kyivan Rus, but their origins were lost in the primitive society, when a person believed in its blood ties with different species of animals, in the miraculous actions of supernatural forces.

It has been proved that the effectiveness of the child’s natural development and its health formation, in accordance with the system of popular knowledge, is under the influence of such components of the child’s life as: a personal hygiene, a mode of life, a tempering of the organism, peculiarities of nutrition, established norms of behavior, etc.

The ways of effective use of the folk folklore potential are elucidated: focusing children’s attention on the most significant features of nature objects and their influence on the child’s physical development; the disclosure of the human body aesthetic beauty; the verbal guidance of children in relation to physical development; direct teachings, prejudices, prohibitions; a combination of physical content with appropriate ritual, musical, and game elements. It is substantiated that people’s pedagogy developed distinct and clear notions about which moral and physical qualities should be upbrought in the child, the sequence of the use of those or other means of physical culture.


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Author Biography

Tetiana Kochubei, Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University

Doctor of the Sciences, Professor,
Professor of the Department of social pedagogy and social work, Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University,
2, Sadova Str., Uman, Cherkasy region, Ukraine, 20300 E-mail:
ORCID: 0000-0002-9104-8442

How to Cite
Kochubei, T. (2018). Verbal Methods of Personality Upbringing in Folk Pedagogy. Professional Education: Methodology, Theory and Technologies, (8), 80-95.